In 1950 Claude Shannon laid out the basic guidelines for programming a chess-playing computer in an article, "Programming a Computer for Playing Chess." That same year both he and Englishman Alan Turing created chess programs.
In 1961 The Raytheon Company developed a computer simulation of global Cold War conflict for the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff. Although it was sophisticated and even models the benefits of arms control, the simulation proved too complex for users unfamiliar with computers. Raytheon created a more accessible analogue version called "Grand Strategy."
In 1975 Atari introduced a home version of Pong. Atari's founder, Nolan Bushnell, couldn’t find any partners in the toy business, so he sold the first units through the Sears Roebuck sporting goods department.
In 1981 Video game fans go ape over Nintendo’s Donkey Kong, featuring a character that would become world-famous: Jump man. Never heard of him? That’s because he’s better known as Mario—the name he took when his creator, Shigeru Miyamoto, made him the star of a later game by Nintendo. (Mario 64)
In 1995 Sony released PlayStation in the United States, selling for $100 less than Sega Saturn. The lower price point, along with the arrival of Nintendo 64 in 1996, weakened Sega's home console business. When Sony PlayStation 2 debut in 2000, it became the dominant home console, so Sega exited the home console business.
Modern World of GamesEdit
In todays modern consoles the quality of the games has massively improved and the number of people playing these games is well over 3 million, with there ages varying form 5 all the way to people in there mid 30s.
As technology advances, the quality of console increases. The latest model of the PlayStation 4 and Xbox 1 are a lot smaller than their predecessors, because they are finding new way to shrink the technology and also make it better. By making the components smaller, they are able to put more in them to increase their performance.